If you are the proud owner of a bearded dragon or even just a beardie enthusiast, you probably want to learn everything you can about the fascinating and loving reptile. Bearded dragons have an extensive list of odd and interesting behaviors that we can only wonder at.
Their language is intricate and mind-boggling and leaves us wondering what it is they are trying to say. If you own a bearded dragon, you may have noticed your bearded dragon performing what may seem to be push-ups.
You have also more than likely asked yourself a very important and interesting question: Why is my bearded dragon doing push-ups?
You may be a little disappointed to know that your bearded dragon is not doing push-ups but rather they are bobbing their head up and down. Bearded dragons bob their heads for an array of different reasons, including submission, species acknowledgment, mating, threatening other animals, and defending their territory.
We will discuss the most common reasons for your bearded dragon to do these “push-ups” and what it could mean for you as their owner and caregiver. Before we get started, it is important to note, if you are ever unsure or worried about your bearded dragon’s behavior, contact your local herp vet with any questions and concerns you may have. Now, let’s exercise our brains and discover what could be causing your bearded dragon to bob their head.
Your bearded dragon may exhibit a few other behaviors along with the head bobbing that will better tell you the reason for this strange behavior. Head bobbing is a behavior for both male and female bearded dragons. Each sex will carry its reasons regarding this activity.
With no other discernible factors as to why your bearded dragons may be bobbing their heads, species recognition and acknowledgment could be the answer. Bearded dragons will often watch, wave, or bob their heads at other bearded dragons to communicate that they know the other dragon is there and that they are keeping an eye on them.
Bearded dragons are loners by nature, only ever connecting when it’s time to find a love interest which we will discuss further down. They frequently spend their days in solitude. If another bearded dragon happens upon their space (or you own more than one beardie and they are nearby), bearded dragons will instantly take notice of the other dragon and will openly communicate that they have acknowledged the other dragon is there and will be watched.
If you own multiple bearded dragons it is best to keep them in separate enclosures and blind to one another as this constant state of needing to be on alert can cause intense stress for your bearded dragons which can affect their health tremendously.
Threatening/ Territorial Behavior
As we just covered, bearded dragons are loners. This means they are highly territorial and will behave threateningly to defend their space. With their small stature and adorable faces, it is hard to believe that bearded dragons could ever look menacing, but in the wild, they need to do what they can to deter other bearded dragons from encroaching on their territory.
In an attempt to warn other bearded dragons to keep away from their mate or to show who the alpha is, bearded dragons will perform a series of interesting behaviors to get their point across. They will bob their head up and down, puff out their neck, and their beard may turn black as a warning. This series of actions will allow the bearded dragon to show others who is boss in that territory. If they don’t want a fight on their paws, then they should move along quickly.
Now, if you only own one bearded dragon or you keep your bearded dragons separated, then this is most likely not the reason for your bearded dragon bobbing their head. However, if you own multiple bearded dragons and keep them in the same enclosure or proximity when they bob, then it would be a good idea to separate them into their enclosures and keep them away from one another to discourage this aggressive behavior.
If you are the proud owner of multiple male bearded dragons and they are placed within the same enclosure, the aggressive behavior we just discussed is an extremely likely outcome; but what if one decides to back down, what would that look like? While bearded dragons are attempting to show dominance they will bob their heads quickly and in a jerking-like fashion, once a smaller bearded dragon decides the confrontation is no longer worth the risk or that the larger one is indeed more dominant, the smaller dragon will begin bobbing their head rather slow and waving their arm as a sign of submission.
It is generally not recommended that more than one male bearded dragon resides within an enclosure as it can cause a dangerous situation. It would be in the best interest of your bearded dragons to provide each with their enclosures to not cause any tension and unnecessary stress or harm to your bearded dragons.
Now, if you only own one bearded dragon and they are still showing signs of this submissive behavior, any other animals getting near their enclosure, or even you if your bearded dragon has not completely warmed up to you yet, can cause your bearded dragon to bob their head as a sign of submission. They recognize they are much smaller and are requesting to be left alone.
Once your bearded dragon becomes more used to their surroundings and you handle them more often, they should eventually stop this behavior and feel more secure in their enclosure and with you.
Last, but certainly not least, if you have bearded dragons of the opposite sex that are bobbing their heads, fast for males and slow for females, then you may be witnessing a mating ritual. When a male and a female bearded dragon are ready to mate they will begin what could be described as a dance by curiously bobbing their heads.
Males will bob with more vigor and aggression to symbolize they are the best choice, and if a female accepts his offer she will slowly bob her head in a “bouncing” like fashion and she may even wave her arm as well making her dance look even more intricate. This bobbing will continue until mating has begun and can sometimes continue through the entire act.
If you have bearded dragons of the opposite sex and do not wish to mate them, it would be wise to place them in separate enclosures, even separate rooms, to not cause any unnecessary stress or unwanted mating between the two.
Bearded dragons have their way of communicating among themselves, and as owners, it is up to us to pay attention to what they are trying to say. By studying their behaviors and taking into consideration the sex of your bearded dragon, you should be able to quickly understand what they are trying to communicate.
Bearded dragons are an interesting species full of wonder and curiosity with an array of communication styles and techniques, so don’t worry if you are unable to catch on as quickly as you would like, it takes time and a sharp eye to take in the full magnitude of their behavior and decipher what they are saying.
In the meantime, enjoy bonding and getting to know your bearded dragon and increasing the level of communication between the two of you; it is a very rewarding thing to be the owner of a bearded dragon.
If you are unsure or worried about the behavior of your bearded dragon(s) at any point, contact your local herp vet with any questions or concerns.