Have you ever caught your cat staring at something so intensely, only to find that you couldn’t see what they were looking at?
This is common among many cats as they have an excellent sense of hearing and are naturally curious animals.
In other instances, your cat’s staring may be a sign of an illness.
If you notice this behavior happening more often, it may be important to check for other symptoms or visit a vet.
Read more for the common reasons your cat is staring at nothing and whether these weird cat behaviors are harmless or something more serious.
What do cats see when they stare at nothing?
Your cat may be staring at the wall or window for a long time before directing its attention elsewhere.
Cats have more light-sensing rods in their eyes than humans do, which gives them excellent night vision, but a poor sense of sight during the day.
This is why they could be staring at a bug at night while you couldn’t actually see a thing.
Cats tend to see dim light compared to humans and are typically nearsighted. Your cat could focus on an object to see it better.
It was also once thought that cats could only see two colors, though new research suggests they can see a greenish and violet spectrum of color.
Their eyes do not process a variety of colors the way humans do. This can affect the way light appears to them.
Your cat may find a reflection interesting or notice a different level of opacity in color when you might not be able to see the same thing.
Why do cats stare at things that aren’t there?
While a cat’s eyes process light and color differently than humans, there may be other possible explanations for their staring.
We aren’t the same species; therefore, cats operate differently than humans do. The most common reasons for staring at nothing include:
- Different sense of hearing
- Different ability to see
- Curiosity of their surroundings
- Natural predators
- May have an episodic memory
They may be more inclined to stare after hearing a peculiar noise as they process the information.
Likewise, humans may not hear a noise they consider non-threatening or commonplace (i.e., a pipe expanding inside of the wall), whereas this may alarm a cat.)
Some behaviors considered as distinctly feline might have to do with their ability to stare at nothing.
Cats can hear things humans can’t
It is generally thought that dogs have the best sense of hearing among pets, though cats also have a highly sensitive sense of sound.
While a dog’s hearing range is typically 45 Hz to 67 Hz, a cat’s hearing range can be anywhere from 48 Hz to 85 Hz.
To put it into perspective, the average human is merely within the range of 20 Hz to 20 Hz.
Cats have the ability to hear noises from extended distances and may even pick up on sounds that don’t register with other animals in the house.
In this case, your cat may be staring in one direction because they can hear noises inaudible to you.
A common possibility is that your cat can hear gentle creaks inside of a wall that you may no longer notice.
Cats Are Naturally Curious
It’s known that cats tend to have somewhat mysterious behavior. Even when fully immersed in play, they may suddenly stop to stare at a wall or an object.
They can focus their attention for long periods or lose it within seconds. When a cat stares at nothing, it is usually a sign that something has caught its attention.
As mentioned, it might not be something you can hear or see. Your cat may listen to a distant noise and become inclined to investigate.
Cats are cautious of their surroundings at times. They may hear a noise and wonder if it’s a sign of danger or a lurking predator.
If they decide the noise or sight is too threatening, they may hide under a piece of furniture until it’s safe to come back out.
Cats Are Hunters
Opposing that point, cats are natural predators.
When it comes to small insects, rodents, or other cats, they may lose interest in everything else around them.
Cats living in the wild depend on hunting for their survival, but cats also interact with each other and their owners through play hunting.
In some cases, well-fed domestic cats will still indulge their predator-like tendencies by prowling the neighborhood searching for a small animal to catch.
When focused on a prey, cats can have the patience to watch from a distance for hours.
Once the cat finds their target, they focus their attention, watching its every move and calculating what will happen next.
One possibility is that your cat saw a bug land or heard a bird chirp and began to stalk their prey.
Cats Have an Episodic Memory
Recent studies show that cats have episodic memory, similar to humans and dogs. This means that cats retrieve memories similar to an episode.
Imagine your favorite TV show. Likely the show occurs in a series, where characters meet, and events take place between them.
The show builds off of these occurrences, and characters may recall specific instances that already took place.
For cats, instead of recalling only bits of a specific occurrence, an entire memory plays out in their mind.
People also tend to stare into space when recalling a memory, and the same is believed for a cat.
Since they have the ability to recall entire events, they may have a complete memory unfolding as they stare.
What if your cat continuously stares in the same spot? If this happens, it’s possible that they remember a regular occurrence in that area.
They may anticipate a ray of light to come through the window during a specific time of day. They may also hear a pipe clink in the same spot behind the wall.
Should I be worried if my cat keeps staring blankly all day?
Cats are naturally inclined to pay particular attention to random objects or walls.
This is quite a common behavior and is usually attributed to perceptive differences or just plain curiosity.
On the other hand, cats may be hunting something they see as prey.
While this behavior alone is not usually a cause for concern, it may be time to schedule an appointment with the vet when other behavioral changes occur.
Staring at nothing is sometimes attributed to a feline disease, which may become serious if not treated.
Typically, other symptoms of a disease may appear, and the severity of those behavioral changes may vary.
If you suspect there is an underlying cause to your cat staring at nothing, you may want to monitor your cat’s activity for further changes or worsening symptoms.
A speedy diagnosis from the vet can either get your cat the medical attention they need or reduce your cat’s discomfort.
Signs of a Potential Medical Problem
Feline diseases tend to manifest in physical and visible symptoms; however, some diseases may also have no symptoms.
If your cat is staring at nothing more often or for longer periods of time, a vet will be able to assess your cat and any possible reasons behind the change in its level of activity.
If you suspect an issue, it’s best not to wait for the symptoms to worsen. The three most common cat diseases associated with staring at nothing are:
This is a disorder where the cat will actually press its head against the wall.
In addition to staring at nothing, if you notice your cat with its head pressed against the wall, it could be a sign of this disease, which affects the nervous system.
Other possible symptoms can include excessive circling and issues with vision.
If staring at the wall is also accompanied by manic episodes, it could be a sign of feline hyperesthesia.
Manic episodes usually include meowing loudly, attacking their own tail, or becoming sensitive to touch.
Your cat may also begin to attack other things in the house or become easily agitated. This disorder is sometimes confused with rabies as the symptoms can appear similar.
Also called Key-Gaskell syndrome, it occurs when a cat loses control of its involuntary neurological abilities.
This disorder typically occurs within the span of a few days, with symptoms worsening by the third or fourth day.
Some of the common symptoms may include loss of bowel function, depression, dilated pupils, or weight loss.
If your cat stares at nothing with some of these symptoms, it may require immediate medical attention.
There are a number of different reasons why your cat may stare at nothing.
Most commonly, it is due to the fact that they’re naturally curious or may be hunting for prey. Cats tend to focus their attention on noises and sights that they find interesting.
Your cat may experience memories similar to you, but it won’t always be obvious that they recall a memory.
On the other hand, if there are other changes in your cat’s behavior, there may be an underlying reason.
If you believe there is an underlying cause to their staring, you may want to consult with a vet for further diagnosis.