Trick training is a great way to spend time with your bird and strengthen your bond with her. Birds are active, intelligent creatures that thrive when given a way to play and put their intelligence to good use.
Three keys to successful trick training are the following:
- using rewards/treats
- keeping it fun
- being consistent with your cues
Formal training sessions with your bird should be kept under five minutes. Birds have a short attention span and will learn best when training is kept brief and fun.
However, a lot of training can also happen in your everyday interactions. Read on to learn some basic tricks to teach your bird.
Parrots’ ability to mimic speech is part of what has made them such a popular pet. The ability varies between species and even between individual birds.
This trick involves teaching your bird to mimic a simple greeting. If your bird has any inclination to mimic speech, “hello” is an easy word that he will likely pick up quickly.
How To Teach
Some people choose to play recordings for their birds to learn from. This may work to an extent, but most birds quickly grow bored with hearing the same words over and over. They won’t necessarily try to mimic them.
If they do learn to repeat words heard on a recording, it is unlikely to be at appropriate times. Without context, they’ll have no way to connect the word to something that actually happens.
If you want your bird to use this greeting appropriately, you should say it every time you enter the room or approach the cage. Repeat the speech you want your bird to learn while he is interested and listening to you.
Using a clear, excited voice will also help him pay attention and pick up on the sounds.
If your bird doesn’t take to mimicking human speech, she can still learn to say hi by waving. One of the best ways to teach this trick is with capturing. Capturing is simply attaching a cue to a behavior your bird already does.
Many birds will raise their foot when anticipating stepping up or asking for a treat. If you can reward the behavior quickly enough and attach it to a cue, you will eventually be able to ask them to perform this trick at any time.
How To Teach
To teach the wave, your bird should already know the step up on command. Once they do this fluently, you can offer your hand and instead give them the cue to wave.
The cue can be you waving or asking the bird to “say hi” or anything that works for you. When they lift their foot to step up, draw your hand back, praise and reward them.
Most birds will quickly pick up on this new trick.
This is a simple trick to teach, although it does involve two steps. It’s best to start with target training, which is a good foundational trick on its own and is useful for teaching multiple other behaviors.
The point of this trick is to teach the bird to complete a 360-degree turn on their perch. Many birds catch on quickly and enjoy doing this trick to earn a treat or toy. Some will even take to doing it to request something they want.
How To Teach
With target training, you ask your bird to touch the end of a stick with her beak or move to a place you tap with your finger. Reward each time she does this.
Once she is moving to touch the stick, start asking her to touch the stick while it is slightly to one side of her. (Alternatively, you may cue directly to the treat.)
Slowly increase the distance your bird must turn to touch the target stick or take the treat until she is turning all the way around. Ask her to “turn around” or give her the cue each time.
As she learns what you’re asking her to do, you will have to lead her less and less. Gradually increase the distance between her and the target/treat.
Eventually, she will know to turn all the way around when you give her the cue.
This is a fun trick to teach when your bird is in a playful, active mood. All you need is a small toy he is interested in picking up.
This may be a whiffle ball, crumpled paper, or other small object. The goal of this trick is to have a bird bring the toy back to you.
Birds who already enjoy running around on the floor or throwing toys are especially quick to learn this trick.
How To Teach
Choose a safe toy that’s easy for your bird to carry. Start by handing him the toy and saying “fetch” when he takes it.
Then, hold your hand or a bowl under the toy and wait for him to drop it. As soon as he drops it—as he eventually will—say “drop it” and give a reward.
Next, you can place the toy close to the bird. When he picks it up, say “fetch” and repeat the “drop it” process. Once your bird learns to associate the cues for picking up the toy and dropping it into your hand, you can move or toss it a short distance away and ask him to fetch it.
Always reward when the bird drops the ball into your hand or the bowl.
There’s nothing quite as cute as a bird running to toss a ball through a hoop. For this trick, you may purchase a hoop specifically designed for birds or use a small cup or basket.
Teaching a bird to dunk a basketball is a natural progression from teaching him to play fetch. Instead of having the bird drop the ball into your hand, you’re now directing him to drop it into the hoop.
Any bird that has learned to play fetch can easily learn to drop a ball into a hoop.
How To Teach
If the hoop you’ve chosen is adjustable, put it on its lowest level to make the first few times easy for your bird. Ask him to fetch the ball and hold your hand over the basket as he drops it into your hand.
After a couple of times, slip your hand out of the way at the last minute, allowing the ball to drop into the basket instead.
Reward every time your bird drops the ball in the hoop, and he will soon figure out this is what you want him to do.
This is another trick based on the fetch command. Any bird that has already learned to fetch and/or dunk a ball should be able to pick up on it quickly.
How To Teach
The process of teaching your bird to fetch her toys to a chosen toy box is similar to how you would teach her to play basketball. Ask her to fetch and hold your hand over the box.
Once she’s fetched the toys to you a couple of times this way, try slipping your hand out of the way.
Next, lay several toys nearby and ask your bird to fetch them one by one and drop them into the toy box. As she catches on to the trick, you may change the cue to “put them away” or a finger pointed to the toy box.
Gradually decrease the number of treats your bird receives between putting away toys until she puts all of them into the box before receiving the reward.
The nod yes trick is another that is based on target training. To easily learn it, your bird should first have learned to touch the end of a target stick to earn a reward.
Alternatively, you can simply use a treat.
How To Teach
Move your target stick or treat up and down in front of the bird. If he has been target-trained or simply wants the treat, his head will follow the up-and-down motion, earning him a reward. Incorporate a verbal cue like “nod” or “yes,” so your bird will eventually be able to be cued to this trick.
As the bird gets accustomed to following the up-and-down motion, you can switch to using your finger, and eventually to cueing from a slight distance away. Always remember to use the verbal cue and reward for successful completion.
You can teach this simple trick similarly to the nod yes trick. Most birds will learn it quickly and some can become quite dramatic if a wings-up trick is added later.
How To Train
Offer your bird a target or treat at perch level so she puts her head down to get it. Cue her with the words: “take a bow” or some other cue.
Reward with the treat. Practice a few times until your bird starts to catch on.
If your bird has already learned to step up, teaching her to fly to you is a natural progression. You can only teach this trick to birds that are fully-flighted.
A trimmed bird will be too afraid to take off and may injure herself falling.
If your bird’s wings were clipped, but she now has all her flight feathers, she will likely need lots of practice with very short distances before she feels comfortable flying to you.
How To Teach
Have your bird step up a couple of times and reward her with a treat. Move your hand a bit further from the perch and have your bird step up again.
Continue to move back and reward with treats when your bird hops, hops while flapping, and eventually flies to your hand. Make sure to incorporate a cue like “come to me” or a hand motion that your bird will begin to associate with flying to your hand.
This trick is easier for smaller birds, simply because it’s easier to get a tunnel big enough for them to climb through. Make sure whatever tunnel you want your bird to climb through has plenty of room for them.
There must be no danger of them getting stuck or panicking.
The tunnel should also be short and straight so that the bird can quickly walk through from one side to the other. For a budgie, a short, wide cardboard tube will work.
For bigger birds, you may use a tunnel meant for ferrets or small dogs.
How To Train
Get your bird accustomed to the tunnel by having it around as you play with other toys. You can draw his attention to it and get him curious by placing a treat inside.
Once he is comfortable climbing into the tunnel, place a small treat where he can reach it deeper inside the tunnel and hold a larger treat on the far side where he can see it.
Once your bird is comfortable with the tunnel, he will quickly learn to climb through it for a treat.
If, at any time, your bird seems frustrated or uncomfortable with a training session, back off and give him a chance to relax. Ask for and reward a familiar behavior to end the session on a good note or simply move on to another activity your bird enjoys.
If he’s tired or hungry, let him return to his cage or play stand and relax. You can always come back to the trick later. Trick training should be a happy activity for both you and your feathered friend.